Climate Change And The Human Condition: Is It Time To Reconsider Climatic Determinism?

from WUWT

Gore_Jesus_BuddyThe Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and its supporters urge action because the planet and humans are threatened by global warming. We must modify our behavior, mitigate the warming, or die by the millions. In the centuries prior to the First World War (WWI) these reactions were classified as climatic determinism, the idea that human behavior is dictated by climate. As one research group explains.

Climatic determinism has a very long and checkered history. It gave a framework for thinking about the relationship between the human and natural environments by making the climate a demiurge of social universe.

Later, they explain why they are discussing the concept.

While most of such thinking has been discredited, in recent years, the omnipresence of anthropogenic climate change has caused a resurgence of similar ideas, causing scholars and commentators to ask if these represent a revival of climatic determinism and, if so, with what consequences?

The truth is, it should not have been discredited or abandoned. Shakespeare said, “The devil can cite scripture for his purpose.” This doesn’t mean we discredit or abandon them. A complete analysis is required about why the concept was abandoned and how it was used and misused for a political agenda.

The history of the hypothesis of climatic determinism illustrates the fundamental difference between Science and Social Science. A scientific hypothesis is validated by predictive success. Social Science hypotheses invalidate themselves, because humans react to the predictions and alter the outcome. The latter failure is due to something that cannot be quantified – free will.

Failed predictions caused the IPCC to adopt the term projection as early as the second Report (1995). Their projections continue to fail because they blend invalid and inadequate science with the inherent failures of social science. The entire theme behind the Club of Rome, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), Agenda 21 and the IPCC is neo-Malthusian. Populations, especially when industrialized, will outgrow all resources. They chose global warming and latterly climate change as the dangers imposed, in a modern form of climatic determinism that ignores their belief in evolution.

Read the rest here.

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Making Murder “Reasonable”: How the Ferguson PD Will Whitewash the Killing of Michael E. Brown

by William N. Grigg

Chief BelmarEdward Garner was unarmed when he was shot in the back of the head by Memphis Police Officer Elton Hymon. At the time, the short, slightly built teenager was scaling a fence attempting to flee. Hymon knew the suspect was unarmed, and that the only threat he posed was one of escape. When Garner’s lifeless body was searched later, all that was found was ten dollars he had stolen from a nearby house.

At the time, Tennessee state law dictated that a police officer confronting a resisting or fleeing suspect “may use all the necessary means to effect the arrest” even when the suspect didn’t pose a threat to others. Garner’s father filed a federal civil rights suit against the Memphis PD that took eleven years to reach the US Supreme Court, which ruled that even where there is “probable cause to seize a suspect, an officer may not always do so by killing him. The use of deadly force to prevent the escape of all felony suspects, whatever the circumstances, is constitutionally unreasonable.”

While the Tennessee v. Garner ruling effectively repealed what was called the “Any-Felony Rule” regarding deadly force, and apparently contributed to a reduction in police homicides, it didn’t create an objective or uniform standard for police conduct. As one scholarly examination of the ruling and its impact summarized, “the creation or modification of laws has never effectively modified police behavior.” Officers still enjoy broad discretion regarding the use of deadly force, as long as they can contrive some way to describe their decisions as the course of action a “reasonable officer” would follow in the circumstances as he perceived them.

What this means is that any use of deadly force is “reasonable” if the subjective perceptions of the officer lead him to believe he is threatened, and courts have traditionally been disinclined to “second-guess” those actions. This arrangement, in which the latitude enjoyed by police in using deadly force is defined by the timidity and dishonesty of the officer, is called the “objective reasonableness” standard.

The shooting of Edward Garner happened almost exactly forty years before last Saturday’s execution-style killing of 18-year-old Michael Brown by a police officer in Ferguson, Missouri. Like Garner, Brown was a teenager fleeing from a police officer. In the more recent case, however, there was no evidence that the fugitive had actually committed a criminal offense, and no reason to believe that he had done anything to merit the attention of the officer who killed him.


Officer Hymon was responding to a report that a prowler was in the neighborhood long after sunset, and on the available evidence it’s clear that Garner had committed a burglary. By way of contrast, the still-unidentified officer who shot Michael Brown accosted the victim and his friend, Dorian Johnson, on an uncluttered street in a quiet neighborhood on a previously uneventful Saturday afternoon.


Neither of the young men was doing anything suspicious to justify a police “contact,” so the officer synthesized one out of the ether: According to Johnson, as the cop drove by he bellowed at the pedestrians to “get the f**k on the sidewalk.”


Johnson, displaying immeasurably more civility than the armed functionary supposedly there to protect and serve him, politely explained that he was only a few hundred feet from his home. He recalls that the officer took offense, slammed on his brakes, threw his vehicle into reverse — nearly hitting the pedestrians — and growled, “What’d you say?”

According to Johnson’s account, the cop began to exit his vehicle, but his door slammed into Brown. At roughly the same time, the uniformed assailant grabbed the terrified 18-year-old by his neck. As Brown tried to escape, Johnson testifies, the officer repeatedly sneered, “I’m gonna shoot you.”


A moment later, the first of several gunshots was heard. Brown, who may have been grazed by the round, turned to flee, and Johnson quickly joined him. The officer fired a second shot at the fleeing victims, hitting Brown, who fell to the ground with his hands in the air, pleading: “I don’t have a gun — stop shooting!” The assailant fired several more shots, killing the unarmed teenager outside an apartment complex. His body was left about 35 feet from the vehicle, surrounded by empty casings from the officer’s gun. Brown was unarmed.


The narrative peddled by St. Louis County Police Chief Jon Bermar, interestingly, confirms critical elements of Johnson’s testimony, while eliding over critical and uncontested details. Bermar described the event as an “encounter” between the officer and “two individuals in the street.

In fact, one of those individuals … allegedly pushed the police officer back into the car where he physically assaulted the police officer. It is our understanding at this point in the investigation that within the police car there was a struggle over the officer’s weapon. There was at least one shot fired within the car, After that officer … came back out of the car, he exited his vehicle, and there was a shooting that occurred where the officer in fact shot the suspect, and … they were fatal injuries.”

The Chief did not explain how an “encounter” escalated to a situation in which Brown supposedly “pushed the police officer back into the car.” This omission is intended to convey the impression that an 18-year-old black male simply attacked an unassuming police officer out of irrepressible malice.


Johnson’s version, on the other hand, depicts a police officer trolling for trouble. That characterization is facially credible, owing to what is known about the institutional character of law enforcement. Additionally, that testimony – unlike the shooter’s account — was offered first-hand, in public, by a witness who is not afraid to be known by both his name and his face.


Furthermore, Johnson’s claim that the officer was forced back into his seat after slamming the driver’s side door into Brown would explain how he was “pushed … back into the car” without being shoved into the vehicle by the victim. Johnson’s claim that the officer threatened to shoot Brown would both explain why a “struggle” over the gun would have occurred, and justify any action the victim took to defend himself. There is no dispute that Brown was unarmed and attempting to surrender when he was fatally shot.


Immediately after the killing, the officer who shot Brown was placed on paid vacation and sheltered within a security cocoon. More importantly, he sought refuge in his supposed rights as defined by the “Garrity rule,” under which he cannot face criminal or civil prosecution on the basis of anything he discloses to police investigators.


Assuming that standard protocols are being followed, the officer is being advised by both his union representative and defense counsel, and his narrative is being tailored to fit the standard adumbrated in the Garner ruling. In fact, the story retailed by Chief Bermar – which could be little more than a carefully cropped version of Johnson’s testimony – is, most likely, very close to the final draft of what will become the Official Version.


It must be understood that “reasonableness” in this context isn’t defined by the discoverable facts of a police shooting, but by the subjective perceptions of a privileged functionary who has been indoctrinated to see the public as an undifferentiated threat, whose primary concern is his personal safety, and who is insulated by “qualified immunity” from the moral and legal consequences of his criminal aggression.

For this reason it is not only possible, but likely, that the Ferguson PD will essentially concede the accuracy of Dorian Johnson’s recollection, while insisting that the conduct described by that witness (and others on the scene) is appropriate under the “reasonable officer” standard.


It wouldn’t matter how the “encounter” began, or whether the officer was acting on “reasonable suspicion” when he snarled a profane directive at the two inoffensive young men. Once the officer had decided to favor them with his attention, they were subject to his will, and could be detained, abused, or killed at his discretion – and his judgment is not subject to review by sublunary beings not clad in the vestments of the state’s punitive caste.


If (more likely, “when”) this version of events is officially ratified, the department will praise itself for its “professionalism”; the victim’s family will file a lawsuit that will eventually be settled by the city’s insurance carrier; and the long-suffering black residents of Ferguson will resume their lives under what amounts to a low-grade military occupation.

                    UPDATE: “Any Felony Rule,” Velvet Gloves for the Iron Fist

Ferguson Police Chief Thomas Jackson, in a press conference notable for its brevity, identified the officer who shot Michael Brown as Darren Wilson, a six-year veteran of his department. Information distributed to the media included reports suggesting that Brown was a suspect in a strong-arm robbery of a package of cigars at a local convenience store. Still photographs, reportedly of the incident in the local Ferguson Market*, show a large young man resembling Brown involved in what appeared to be an assault on a much smaller individual in the store.

If Brown was a suspect in a crime of that kind, this case would have uncanny similarities to the 1974 incident in which another teenaged suspect, Edward Garner, was fatally shot while attempting to flee from a Memphis police officer following a burglary. As noted previously, that case went before the Supreme Court a decade later, resulting in the 1985 Tennessee v. Garner ruling, in which the Court held that “The use of deadly force to prevent the escape of all felony suspects, whatever the circumstances, is constitutionally unreasonable.” This was a rejection of the “Any Felony Rule” under which officers in many states, including Tennessee, were authorized to use deadly force to stop a fleeing or resisting suspect.

The “Any Felony Rule,” it should be pointed out, didn’t enjoy universal approval, even in the supposedly barbarous 19th Century. In an 1858 editorial, the New York Times expressed alarm over the promiscuous use of lethal force by officers of the newly created NYPD against fleeing suspects: “The pistols are not used in self-defense, but to stop the men who are running away. They are considered substitutes for swift feet and long arms… [W]e doubt the propriety of employing them for such a purpose. A Policeman has no right to shoot a man for running away from him.”

The paper’s editorial board expressed concerns about “the policy of arming our Policemen with revolvers.”  Today, of course, the thoroughly militarized NYPD is, as former Mayor Michael Bloomberg boasted a few years ago, the seventh-largest army in the world.

Disclosure of Officer Wilson’s name will increase public pressure for a criminal investigation into the shooting. However, there is still abundant reason to believe that the likely outcome of this matter will be a finding that Wilson — owing to his perception of the situation — acted justifiably under the “reasonable officer” standard. This may be complicated somewhat by eyewitness accounts that Brown was surrendering at the time he was fatally shot.

Chief Jackson claims that Wilson was “injured” in the reported struggle with Brown, and that he received treatment at a nearby hospital. No explanation has been provided for the fact that Brown, after being shot at a distance of about 35 feet from Wilson’s patrol vehicle, was left face-down in the street and received no medical attention. His lifeless body was eventually carried away in the back of an SUV

Following several nights of protests and counter-insurgency warfare by the Ferguson PD, Missouri Governor Jay Nixon removed the Goon Squad and placed the Highway Patrol in charge of “public safety” in the city. The on-scene commander is Captain Ron Johnson, an African-American who was born and raised in the area.

One “emerging lesson” from Ferguson, apparently, is that after authorities employ the Iron Fist, they should quickly deploy people dressed in velvet gloves. Successful counter-insurgency operations, after all, require an effort to “win the hearts and minds” of the targeted population.

Article source:

Pre- and Post-SHTF Vehicle Operations and Preparation

from SurvivalBlog

Ask yourself this question: How will you get to your retreat when the SHTF? Do you imagine it will be easy? Even if you live at your retreat, there is still a good chance you work away from home. What about you city dwellers planning to jet out hundreds of miles away to a safer place? While getting there now may not be to difficult, this can all change in a heartbeat. Are you even prepared to deal with a simple breakdown, getting stranded, or a roadside medical emergency? Chances are that your pre- and post-SHTF travel plans aren’t as squared away as you may think. This is the reason I am writing this piece. I would like to share some words of wisdom and food for thought on vehicle-based travel, from a preparedness standpoint.

Let me begin by giving a short explanation of my credentials. I’m a driver! That’s what I’ve always done, and I’m quite good at it. It sounds boring, I know, but let me explain a bit. I started driving around my family farm at about age thirteen, in support of our family farm operation, hauling fuel, baler twine, tools, and whatnot out to the fields. I then graduated to semi trucks at age sixteen. A couple years later, I joined the United States Marine Corps. When my recruiter stopped by one day to see me at work, he witnessed me backing a truck into what he thought was a tight spot. I guess he was impressed, because he asked if I wanted to drive trucks for the Marines. That’s when I became a 3531 Motor Transport Operator. In this capacity I have done basically anything you can think of in terms of tactical vehicle operation. I’ve driven HMMWV’s (Humvees), 7-Tons, Dumps, and the 10-wheeled LVSR. I’ve served in the capacity of convoy commander and security/machine gunner, among other things. While you may be thinking that this is over the top to the average driver, there are many things done in military convoys that can easily relate to the average driver. So let me begin!

Basic Vehicle Preparedness

First, let me begin with the basics. You want a vehicle that you feel will undoubtedly get you where you need to go. I’m not just talking about dependability but also capability. I know this sounds obvious, but think for a minute. If you live in the city and plan on bugging out into the sticks, your daily driver Dodge Neon might not get you there. Be realistic in what conditions you may face on your journey and determine what vehicle will suit your needs. For example, I live in rural Michigan. Anyone that knows anything about my beloved home state knows that our winters are BRUTAL!!! That being said, I refuse to own a vehicle without 4×4 capability. That’s what I feel I need in my particular environment. You should make the same assessment for your area.

Make sure your vehicle is well maintained. Oil changes, tire pressure, air filter, belts, brakes….everything! I would recommend checking over basic things weekly. It only takes a few minutes, and you may notice something that could snowball into something major down the road. One personal experience that I endured was a blown tire in a rough part of Detroit on my way home from a Tigers game. Upon crawling under my vehicle to dismount my spare I found it was rusted on, and I couldn’t get it off! I ended up limping on the rim for three miles to a tire shop to get it fixed. Now I oil the assembly under my SUV weekly to ensure it can and will come loose next time. It was a crisis that could have easily been averted, and I learned the hard way. Don’t overlook the basics!

Basic Vehicle Gear

You might have heard this on the radio as a public service announcement. I don’t want to dive too hard into this because it’s been covered so many times. I do, however, want to cover more in-depth and serious gear for SHTF voyages as we go on. So, here are some of the basics:

  • High quality first aid kit with trauma support
  • Flashlights
  • Road flares or triangles
  • Basic tools (Screwdrivers, Pliers, et cetera)
  • Tire changing tools
  • Spare tire(s) (I suggest full-sized and two tires, if you can accommodate them)
  • Extra clothes to include warming layers
  • Food
  • Water
  • Shovel or E-Tool
  • Jumper cables and/or jump starter
  • Fire extinguisher
  • Tow rope/strap/chain
  • Phone charger

There’s plenty more, but I would rather spend your time preparing you for the more serious things.

Planning for That Dreaded Day

This is where we will get more serious. The above is advice for Average Joe’s daily commute, but we’re here to get ready for the big one, right? I’m talking shut down roadways, government checkpoints, ambushes, and a complete disregard for traffic laws. Anything that could be between you and your safe haven in a post-collapse society. Don’t worry, my friends! I want to help you all get there safely.

First of all, time is of the essence. If you’re planning a pilgrimage to your retreat, plan all of your before ops procedures ahead of time. Devise a load plan for anything you may be taking with you. Don’t wait until the day of only to find out that your MRE’s or ammunition won’t all fit. Practice loading your vehicles quickly and efficiently. Also, try to have your belongings staged in a manner that will allow you to snatch them up and go. Doing this in conjunction with a solid load plan will save precious time.

When it comes to hauling your equipment in this situation I cannot recommend using a trailer. As good as you may think you are at backing one up, try doing it under extreme stress and danger– say, for instance, an ambush accompanied by gunfire. This could make what some consider an easy maneuver very difficult. Or even worse, in a panic you could forget you’re even pulling a trailer and jackknife! Now you’re in trouble. Instead, I would recommend a hitch-mounted carrier or roof-mounted carrier. These can offer surprising amounts of extra space and will not affect your handling in a measurable way.

Be sure to have fuel storage on hand to top off vehicles and to have even more, so you can handle your own refueling, along the way. Don’t expect to be able to pull into a service station, but keep cash, not plastic, handy in case you can. If you drive a pickup, it may be a good idea to invest in a bed mounted fuel transfer tank. These allow you to carry lots of extra fuel (I have seen up to 90 gallons) and can be used to fuel other vehicles, if you are traveling in a convoy. Along with fuel be sure to bring extra fluids with you. I’m talking about coolant, transmission fluid, engine oil, brake fluid, windshield washer fluid, and plenty of water. While not really necessary to keep with you daily, they may now be hard to get, and you won’t be going far without them. Also be sure to bring any spare parts you feel your vehicle could have trouble with. It could be belts, alternator, radiator hose, or battery cables. Some vehicles have a reputation for certain issues, so do a little research and plan for that.

When it comes to where you are going, have as many routes planned as you can. Also, be sure to have checkpoints and rendezvous points, in case anyone is separated. Determine any viable locations to make a planned halt for things, like refueling or bathroom breaks (if you must stop for that). Stay off the beaten path, and try to avoid areas with stop lights in the event that the grid is down. Go over your routes with everyone in your group, and memorize them as best you can. Get some road maps of your area, highlight anything you deem necessary, and study them. If you can, get your travel party together and do a dry run of some of your routes.

Convoy Operations

This is where we will talk about how exactly your convoy will function. It could be anywhere from one vehicle to a dozen, but this will give you an idea of how you can travel in a collective and tactical manner.

Just like on your retreat, there needs to be a division of labor. In the Marine Corps, we call these billets. Within your convoy, everyone should be assigned a billet. To start, you need a convoy commander, or CC. This person should not drive, if manpower allows. They need to be able to concentrate on keeping the convoy on track and making decisions on any situation that may arise. From here, you can assign an assistant convoy commander, or ACC. This person should also not drive, if possible, and can head up convoy security and obviously take over as CC, if the need arises. From here you could have many billets, but do the best you can to keep the focus on their specific job. These may include.

  • Security
  • Mechanic
  • Medic
  • Logistics (keeping track of fuel and other supplies for the trip)
  • Driver
  • Assistant Driver (helps keep the driver awake and alert and takes over when necessary)

Keep in mind that one person can assume multiple billets or even all of them, if you’re all alone. The point is to divide the workload as much as possible. Many hands make light work.

Before departure, the CC should give a quick run down on the movement, including going over the route, the order in which you want your vehicles, your planned convoy speed, and estimated travel time. Take a minute to go over any concerns and address them, if you can. You want the people in your group to feel confident and ready.

Have a solid plan, detailing how your convoy will communicate, along with a tiered plan of communication. For instance, it could be radios first, then cell phones, then horns/lights. Be sure to radio check periodically. This keeps comm up, while also waking up groggy drivers. Keep drivers off of comm! Also, keep your dash radio off, unless you’re using it for news/traffic/weather– no unnecessary distractions. Keep your weapons stored in a safe but accessible manner. You’re on the defensive side of the field, so you must be ready to act fast.

Issues with Convoys and How to Address Them

In my experience, the biggest issues are security and breakdowns. My prediction is that the main security threat post-SHTF will be ambushes from the front and roadblocks. In combat, the enemy simply wants to kill you, destroy your equipment, disrupt your supply lines, and so forth. I don’t predict this as being the case in a collapse. They will want your supplies. That will more than likely be the motive. It doesn’t pay to set off an IED on a truck that might have some stuff you want. They’re going to want to stop you and separate you from your gear. It could be making you stop and drawing you out into a firefight. It could be blowing your tires out. So how do we handle this?

Rule #1: Don’t stop!

If you hit any kind of threat, pick up the pace and push through it if you can. Being in a vehicle puts you at a tactical disadvantage of basically being in a highly visible target. As long as all vehicles can still move, keep moving. Once you feel you are beyond the threat, make a quick halt, post security, and regroup and address any issues.

Rule #2: Practice dismounting your vehicle!

If you have to exit your vehicle in an emergency, you want to have a plan. Practice getting out of your vehicle with your weapon, ready to engage. Get an idea of how you would move, if there was contact to your front vs. rear, or left vs. right. Also factor in how the vehicles in your convoy should form up when faced with a threat.

This is also a good time to state the obvious– place you’re most seasoned, competent, and level headed individuals in the lead vehicle. These are not only the people leading the way but the ones who will be laying down initial fire on any frontal engagement. Basically, much of the convoy’s fate rests with them. Make sure these people are up to the task.

When it comes to breakdowns, you want no more people than necessary out of the vehicles. This applies to all stops, in reality. There should always be someone behind the wheel ready to roll. The last thing anyone needs is a dozen people tripping over each other and trying to pile into their vehicles over a compromised tire change. Leave any issues up to the most qualified in your group, and stay in your vehicle while you post security.

Finally, when coming up with a security plan for your convoy or even yourself as an individual, look at yourself through the eyes of your aggressor. Ask yourself one more question, and think hard about it: If I was going to attack me, how would I do it? This can help to give yourself an honest assessment on your weak points and how to strengthen them.

Last but not least, I would like to close with a couple of pointers as to how many Marines get through long, boring convoys. These aren’t really suggestions but just a tongue in cheek look at how we do it, so take them for what they are worth.

  • Skoal
  • Grizzly
  • Copenhagen
  • Diapers, Bottles, or MRE bags
  • Monster or Red Bull
  • Skittles
  • Beef Jerky
  • Lots of water
  • Complaining

All kidding aside, I hope I have left you all with some useful information on how to get to where you want to go safely. I would be a fool to think that I could make you an expert in this field with my short essay, but ultimately I hope to leave you with food for thought. Stay vigilant and keep prepping, my friends!

St. Louis Cop Suspended After Radical Views Are Exposed by YouTuber

from ActivistPost

Sergeant Dan Page of the St. Louis County Police Department was caught earlier this week participating in what seemed like a staged CNN broadcast in Ferguson where he shoved reporter Don Lemon while standing with peaceful protesters.

YouTube activist The Black Child noticed the encounter on CNN and quickly identified Page and exposed his radical views in the video below. The Black Child pulled clips from a 2012 lecture given by Sergeant Page where he gives detailed plans of a military police state takeover of America.

CNN has now confirmed the officer pretending to manhandle reporter Don Lemon is indeed Dan Page in that 2012 lecture. Page has been suspended for his ideology and will be forced to undergo psychiatric evaluation. Of course, they still pretend that Page wasn’t a CNN-paid provocateur in that ridiculous sidewalk scene.

Lemon uses the opportunity to smear the Oath Keepers as sharing Page’s views. However, they report Oath Keeper’s response that Page is not a member of their organization and was only invited to lecture about the police state.

This is the second time in a week that an activist journalist got a thug removed from the Ferguson protest. Three days ago a police officer pointed an assault rifle in the face of a peaceful citizen journalist and says “I will fucking kill you”. When the livestreamer asks for his name the officer replied “Go fuck yourself!”

The officer was removed from Ferguson the following day and suspended. Activist journalists have done more to enforce police accountability this week than authorities seem to have done in a span of years.

It’s a very interesting world we live in.

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